John Heartfield- A portrait of heartfield by Aleksandr Rodchenko 1931.
John Geartfield a committed communist and began to use work to produce anti fascist propaganda. Art since 1900- his work became the singular, most important example of counter propaganda to the hegemonic media apparatus of the thirties, the only voice in the visual avant garde. One of the first to spread images across book covers, and exploit the way in which you can join two different elements together to create a particular image. The face of fascism 1931.
Kathe Kollwitz- A fine artist. 1924- never again war. Produced work in opposition to the war about the victims of war. Her own son was killed during the war and this greatly influenced her artistic work. Germany’s children starve.
Ludwig Hohlwein 1902- Took a radical approach to poster design. Using commercial messages, and concentrating on a central figure. Fitting other elements around that. Propaganda and advertising work in a similar way to convince a certain set of ideas, or buy a product.
Degenerate art is art that the Nazi’s didn’t want to be made around that time as this showcased them in a bad light. Many who made this type of work were arrested or had their artwork confiscated.
Bauhaus- During the second world war the Bauhaus had constructivist work coming out, and the Nazi’s closed it. Early art from the Bauhaus was more expressionist which over time headed towards more modernist.
Ken Garland – British designer influenced by modernist art and design from Europe. CND march poster 1962.
Did a lot of work for nuclear disarmament. First things first: a manifesto 1964.
Wanted to put a halt to more consumer and purchase driven work, so made a manifesto which other designers signed.
Milton Glaser – bob Dylan poster 1967
Also made a Micky mouse in Vietnam (1969) shocking film many people just being sent off to the front line, not truly understanding the situation they were going to face. Micky mouse is a symbol of innocence, success and idealism. Seeing this character killed as a soldier is a contradiction of expectations.
Olt Aicher – 1972 made a series of posters for the Munich Olympics to try to repair the view of Germany after the destruction of the war. Black and red were not allowed in the work, any other colour was allowed.
Jan van Toorn – His calendar 1972/73 people calendar. Most extraordinary and provocative artifacts of it’s era- rick poynor.
Guerrilla girls – 1985-90. Conscience of the art world. Racism and sexism.
Metahaven – Work followed themes of globalisation.